Forged steel has been the foundation of most components and metal parts. The passion, work, and attention invested in this material that is so valuable to companies have allowed them to achieve everything over the past few decades. Most goods are made primarily from forged steel, which is modified in shape and internal structure using forging techniques. Let’s take a closer look at closed die forging and steel.

manual forging before the closed die forging was  discovered

Closed Die Forging and Steel  

Why Is Steel Forged?  

Forged steel is usually an alloy made of carbon and iron under very high pressure. Compared to other processed steel, forged steel is more ductile, has a finer grain structure, less surface porosity, and has stronger tensile and fatigue strength.  

When steel is heated to forging temperature, it becomes malleable and ductile and can be shaped into the desired shape by applying pressure and force. Reliable manufacturers can shape a permanent steel item without cracking using processing techniques and steel forging.  

What Are the Characteristics of Forged Steel?  

Because of its special qualities, forged steel is distinguished from other processes like casting. Forged steel provides exceptional endurance, improved hardness, and high strength. It is quite improbable that the steel will break when it comes into contact with other materials.  

Moreover, due to the forging process’ thoroughness and precision, the uniformity of every steel forging produced may be maintained. Steel can only be forged to a certain thickness and size since metal formation is a laborious process.  

Due to its strength, availability, and the existence of specialty alloys like stainless and carbon steel, this type of forging is typically employed in mechanical and industrial applications. For the production of parts, steel forging gives quite unmatched strength.  

Varieties of Forged Steel  

  • Cold Forged Steel  

Forging is performed mostly at room temperatures of up to 150°C. High forming forces are necessary for this forging since it has a low degree of formability. It also has the significant benefit of enabling better material conservation and better surface polish.  

  • Hardened Forged Steel  

Between 750 and 950°C are used during forging. Due to the reduced ductility caused by this temperature, cold forging demands stronger forming forces. Being halfway between hot and cold forging gives it the advantage of being more adaptable.  

  • Hot Forged steel  

Above the recrystallization temperature, between 950 and 1250 °C, is the forging temperature. Hot forged steel has good formability and can be shaped with little force.

closed die forging machines

Learn More About Closed Die Forging  

For more than several years, we have had experts that can detect quality forged steel products, working tirelessly to satisfy even the most exacting demands of the customers. As a result, we produce goods of the greatest quality and durability and adhere to all market and legal criteria. See us for more information!