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Forging Zirconium

Zirconium and its alloys show exceptional resistance to sulfuric acid at temperatures above boiling point and concentrations up to 70%. This is over and above to resisting HCI. At temperatures above boiling and concentrations of 90%, the corrosion rate of nitric acid is less than 1 million per year. This metal can also withstand the majority of organic acids, including chlorinated organic, tannic, oxalic, tartaric, lactic, and citric acids, as well as acetic anhydride and acetic acid.

forging end product that contains zirconium

What Can Zirconium Offer?

Better Finishes and Increased Output

Zirconium alloys can be machined using standard techniques; however, they tend to fret and work harden as they go through the process. To pierce previously work-hardened surfaces, tools with higher than usual clearance angles are also required. However, using tools made of cemented carbide or high-speed steel can produce satisfactory results. Tools made of carbide typically offer better finishes and increased output.

Has Mill Products

There are four main grades of mill products: 702, 704, 705, and 706. On common shop equipment, these metals can be punched, bent, and shaped with a few special methods and adjustments. On standard roll-forming or press-brake machinery, grades 702 (unalloyed) and 704 (Zr-Sn-Cr-Fe alloy) strip and sheet can be formed to a bend radius of 5t at room temperature and to a bend radius of 3t at 200°C. Grades 705 and 706 (Zr-Cb alloys) can be bent to 3t and 2.5t and approximately 1.5t at 200°C, respectively.

Easily Welded

Compared to some of the more popular forging metals, such as aluminum alloys and alloy steels, zirconium is more easily welded. Low thermal expansion is the cause of the low distortion during welding. The gas-tungsten arc (GTAW) process is the one that is most frequently used to weld zirconium, but other techniques can also be employed, such as resistance welding, electron beam, plasma arc, and gas metal arc (GMAW).

forging and zirconium

Looking for High-Quality Zirconium?

The best method for determining whether a zirconium weld is acceptable is typically a bend test. If you want to know more about this test, contact us today!

How Wires Are Made

In our everyday lives, it’s inevitable for us to see wires. Because of global sourcing and technology advancements, we have them on telephones, chargers, and other devices. In case you ever wondered how these wires were made; then, you’ve opened the right article.

cut wires and global sourcing

Step-By-Step Guide to How a Wire Is Constructed

Metal Extraction from an Ore

We’ll start by looking at how copper is extracted from an ore. This process can be carried out in a variety of ways. The first phase is for miners to harvest ore from the ground. Copper ore can be found in mines worldwide, mainly in Asia and South America. With operational mines in eight states, the United States is considered the fourth largest copper manufacturer.

Extrusion of Copper

Copper wire is made using an extrusion machine, which forces metal through an extrusion die sequence to form a specific shape. When making wires, copper starts as an “ingot,” which is essentially a large brick of pure copper. After that, the ingots are flexed and straightened into long strands. The copper will then be heated until it becomes bendable before it is inserted into the machine. Once flexible, the machine will begin pulling and forming the copper into long strands upon reaching a particular temperature. Because copper strands can be stretched into fragile wires, usually a fraction of an inch, the thickness of the wire is set programmed in this step.

Covering and Cutting

As soon as the copper wires have reached the maximum length and width, they will be covered with low-density polyethylene material. However, this will depend on the material used for the wire. So, if producers used a different wire component, then the type of cover will also be different.

bundle of wires and global sourcing

Learn How Global Sourcing Makes the Manufacturer’s Life Easier

With all the technology, in-depth processes, and growing global sourcing, companies can save tons of costs for manufacturing or producing products. Schedule an appointment with us today to know more about global sourcing!


Where Does Zirconium Come From?  

You’ve might have heard and seen zirconium from various TV shows and documentaries, but what and where does this precious metal come from? To start, zirconium comes from the mineral zircon that belongs to the group of nesosilicates that are rock-forming minerals. This metal is usually used as a refractory and opacifier by industrial forgers and forging smiths.    

Zirconium Porcelain Tooth Plate

History of Zirconium

Source of Zirconium

This silver-gray transition metal is often found and produced by mining and processing the titanium minerals ilmenite as well as rutile. Some of the major mining sites of zirconium can be found in Australia, South Africa, the USA, Russia, and Brazil. It can also be collected from coastal waters that have zircon-bearing sand which is then processed to separate the lighter materials. 

Raw Materials

Zirconium is derived from its raw material zircon which can be commonly found in the crust of the earth. This precious mineral can be seen in different colors, including reddish-brown, yellow, and colorless. Because of its solid composition, zircon is highly resistant to weathering and internal radiation damage.    

Processing the Mineral

There are different processes involved in processing this mineral, the most common of which includes three processes which are extracting and refining the zircon, and finally refining the baddeleyite. After passing quality control, the processed and refined zirconium is then exported to different plants and machine refineries across the globe.    

Uses of Zirconium

Zirconium alloys can be found in different metals such as pipes, heat exchangers, and even nuclear power plants. It is also used in steel alloys, colored glazes, and bricks, as well as in the making of artificial gemstones. Because of its malleable and ductile compounds, it can be highly resistant to corrosion and can be used in superconducting magnets.   

What is a Zirconium Porcelain Tooth Plate

Importance and Other Uses of Zirconium

Zirconium is undeniably an important metal that has many uses in both forgings and in medical applications. This compound has its uses even in biomedical applications, such as dental implants, crowns, and knee and hip replacements. Get to know more about this metal when you contact us today! 

What Are the Common Applications for Zirconium?

Construction for the chemical processing sector is one of the most common uses of zirconium as a corrosion-resistant material. In most organic and inorganic acids, strong alkalis, salt solutions, and some molten salts, zirconium has high corrosion resistance. The exceptional corrosion resistance qualities can even extend its useful life beyond that of the rest of the plant in some situations.

man welding zirconium

Why Should You Use Zirconium Components and Parts?

What Are Its Uses?

Zirconium is a high-tech ceramic substance that is often utilized to make a variety of hard ceramics. Due to its hardness, chemical inertness, and numerous biocompatible properties, this material is the most extensively employed for the fabrication in dentistry, but also serves many different applications in the following industries:

  • Nuclear Power
  • Solar Power
  • Chemical Process
  • Petrochemical
  • Oil and Gas
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Geothermal
  • Sea Water
  • Water Desalination
  • Biomass
  • Mining
  • Utilities

How Strong is Zirconium?

Zirconium is a very strong, malleable, and ductile substance. Many physical and chemical properties of zirconium oxide are similar to those of titanium, demonstrating how robust and wear-resistant zirconium may be.

Zirconium and Corrosion

Zirconium is a reactive metal that reacts readily with oxygen. When zirconium is exposed to an oxidizing liquid, it forms an extremely sticky protective oxide coating on its surface.

In the presence of oxygen, this oxide coating has a strong self-healing ability and can shield the zirconium matrix from deeper corrosion. As a result, zirconium is a highly corrosion-resistant metal. Its chemical stability is superior to stainless steel, titanium, and its alloys.

zirconium equipment machinery tool

Need More Information About Zirconium?

For your specific process equipment needs, zirconium fabrication may be a cost-effective option. If you require specialized zirconium processing equipment, contact Ferralloy Inc. We can also easily assess whether you should use a different reactive metal. Simply give us a call to learn more about how we can help your organization!

Why Use Zirconium Parts and Components?

In the forging industry, companies often look for products with plasticity matching, good strength, moderate density, and can withstand a high-temperature atmosphere. Like titanium, zirconium also has outstanding corrosion resistance in several alkali and acid media. It is among the few essential structural materials used by nuclear industries.

Here are the reasons why several companies use zirconium parts and components.

Why use Zirconium?

Zirconium Properties and Applications

Properties Used in Zirconium Metalworking

Zirconium is an altered metal with a grayish-white luster. This compact metal is difficult to ignite and most of its components have low inherent toxicity.

What makes it predominantly appealing is that it is remarkably resistant to corrosion even when exposed to common acids and alkalis, seawater, and other agents. It is also known to become magnetic at low temperatures when alloyed with Zinc.


In the 1900s, about 90% of zirconium manufactured every year was used by the nuclear industry. Lately, however, as people gradually familiarize themselves with Zirconium and the benefits it offers, more applications have been found in various industries.

The chemical industry has been particularly interested in Zirconium due to its outstanding corrosion resistance. The most common types used are grades Zirconium 702 and Zirconium 705.

Interesting Facts about Zirconium

  • It does not readily absorb thermal neutrons
  • Both its physical and chemical properties are very similar to those of Titanium
  • It is extremely strong, ductile, and malleable
  • South Africa and Australia possess the most abundant sources of this metal
  • This metal was discovered in 1789 by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in Berlin
  • Zirconium got its name from the word “zircon”, which is the Persian word for “golden”
  • Europe and China are the leading consumer markets of this metal
  • It has been used as a gemstone since ancient times

Why use Zirconium?

Looking for Zirconium Parts and Components?

At Ferralloy Inc., our team can supply you with raw materials or provide your company with a finished and machined component. We can assist your company to acquire the excellent metal parts and components it needs today! Get in touch with us today!

Zirconium | Top Questions About Zirconium

As you navigate through your metalworking needs, you’ll need to decide on the type of material that your project requires. One of the best materials that’s widely used in multiple industries is the silver-grey transition metal called zirconium. If you’re clueless about it, check out these zirconium facts that may surprise you.

What Exactly is Zirconium?

Essentially, zirconium is a chemical element that presents itself as a strong solid when placed at room temperature. If your goal is to obtain a pure version of it, the material needs to go through a complicated physicochemical process.

Who Discovered it?

For a long time, it has been known to be one of the components that are found in gemstones. However, it wasn’t until 1789 when it officially became an element. It was then when Martin Heinrich Klaproth, a German chemist, discovered it as he was trying to analyze zircon. Thirty-five years later, a Swedish chemist named Jöns Berzelius was able to isolate the element, although not in its purer form. The successful isolation of pure zirconium took place in 1925 when Dutch chemists Jan Hendrik de Boer and Anton Eduard van Arkel were decomposing zirconium tetraiodide.

What Makes it Desirable and Useful for Metalworking Industries?

Aside from the fact that this element is known for its malleability and ductility, it’s also highly resistant to corrosion, steam, high temperature, and water. In fact, it’s very much similar to steel in terms of features and characteristics. For this reason, it is ideal for environments where the metal components are subjected to extreme environments.

What are its Common Uses?

These alloys can be used in heat exchangers, pipes, fittings, lamp filaments, lab crucibles, catalytic converters, surgical instruments, television glass, furnace bricks, and so much more.

who sells the best zirconium?

Looking for More Information About Zirconium?

If you’re looking to find more information about zirconium alloys, feel free to get in touch with the leading global supplier of engineered products and services – Ferralloy, Inc. We offer total supply chain management to a diverse metalworking customer base. Call us now.

Zirconium | Where Can I Get Zirconium for My Next Project?

Zirconium is a silver-gray transition metal, a type of element that is malleable and ductile and easily forms stable compounds. It is also highly resistant to corrosion. Let’s take a look at some facts about the metal as well as where you might use it and where you can get it for your next project.


Zircon, a gemstone, comes in blue, yellow, green, brown, orange, red and occasionally purple varieties. It has been used in jewelry for centuries. In 1789 Martin Heinrich Klaproth, a German chemist discovered zirconium in a sample of zircon from Sri Lanka. It was 25% silica, 0.5% iron oxide, and 70% a new oxide that he named zirconerde.

Where can it be found in?

Zirconium is highly resistant to corrosion and is commonly used in corrosive environments. It can be found in pipes, fittings and heat exchangers and is used in steel alloys, colored glazes, bricks, ceramics, abrasives, flashbulbs, lamp filaments, artificial gemstones and some deodorants. Other uses for zirconium include catalytic converters, furnace bricks, lab crucibles, surgical instruments, television glass, and removing residual gases from vacuum tubes. It is also an ideal material for use in nuclear power stations since it does not absorb neutrons. This is by far the most common use, with more than 90% of it being used in that way.

Where Can I Get Zirconium for My Next Project?

If you are looking for zirconium for your next project, look no further than Ferralloy. Contact us today or visit our online store for a quote or to learn more about our services.


Where Can I Get Zirconium for My Next Project?

Zirconium | History of Zirconium

Have you heard of the metal zirconium? It’s a chemical element that is a strong solid at room temperature. It does not exist in a pure state in nature and requires complex physio-chemical processes to get there. When it is in pure form, it’s a corrosion resistant metal that can handle high water temperatures. In addition, it can create different alloys that can handle highly corrosive environments, such as strong alkalis and mineral acids. This is why it’s very useful for parts that will be exposed to extreme environments.

what is zirconium

Brief History of Zirconium

Martin Heinreich Klaproth was the German chemist who discovered zirconium. This discovery took place in 1789 as Klaproth was analyzing jargon from the island of Ceylon. Upon finding the element, he decided to name it “zirkonerde (zirconia).” In 1808, Humphry Day tried to isolate the element using electrolysis, but was unable to do so. Later, Jons Jacob Berzelius was finally able to successfully isolate it.

In 1824, it was prepared in an impure form by Berzelius. This preparation was done by mixing potassium and potassium zirconium fluoride in a tube. The first industrial process that was able to produce metallic zirconium was called the crystal bar process. This process was surpassed by the easier and cheaper kroll process later on.

Learn More About Zirconium Today!

By now, you should be more familiar with the history of zirconium. But if you want to learn even more about this metal, Ferralloy Inc. can educate you. Our team is extremely knowledgeable about the different metals and alloys and would be more than happy to assist you.

Here at Ferralloy Inc., we provide industries with all of the materials and components they need to complete various projects. If you’re interested in finding out how zirconium might benefit your project, contact us today! You can also visit our website to learn more about our services and how they can help you.

Zirconium | 10 Fascinating Facts

When it comes to choosing parts and components for your next project, it can be difficult to determine the best material for your specific needs. There are so many different metals and alloys to choose from, each with their own set of benefits. One type of material that you might find beneficial is Zirconium (Zr). It possesses many benefits, from low toxicity to corrosion resistance, that make it the perfect option for a wide range of parts in countless industries. Are you interested in learning more about this useful material? Then keep reading for 10 fascinating facts about Zirconium!

10 Fascinating Facts About Zirconium

learn some zirconium facts from Ferralloy, Inc.

  1. This metal was discovered in 1789 by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in Berlin.
  2. Zr is a grayish white color and is a transition metal.
  3. It’s melting point is 3371 ˚F or 1855 ˚C.
  4. South Africa and Australia possess the most abundant sources of this metal.
  5. Zr is often used as a hardening agent in alloys such as steel.
  6. It is extremely strong, ductile, and malleable.
  7. When kept at ordinary temperatures, it has a hexagonal close-packed crystalline structure.
  8. Both its physical and chemical properties are very similar to those of Titanium.
  9. It does not readily absorb thermal neutrons.
  10. Alloying elements can be added to Zirconium to make it the perfect fit for many different applications.

Zirconium from ferralloy, inc. for your metal components

If you are interested in learning more about Zirconium, make sure to contact us! Here at Ferralloy, Inc., we can answer any and all of your questions about metal and alloys. We can even take it a step further by providing you with any materials or components that your next project might need. We are a quality driven organization committed to process improvement and customer satisfaction. You’ll be amazed with our high standard of service and on time deliveries.  Come see how we can help you by visiting Ferralloy, Inc. online today!

What is Zirconium? | Properties and Uses

There are a wide range of zirconium components in the metalworking industry. There are ingots, forgings, plates, sheets, rods, tubing, and so many other parts that are all made out of this metal. But what exactly is Zirconium? Keep reading to find out everything you need to know about this popular metalworking material!


Zirconium was first discovered in 1789 by Martin Heinrich Klaproth and took the world by storm thanks to its unique properties. It is a transition metal with a grayish-white luster. This solid metal is difficult to ignite and its compounds have a low inherent toxicity. One property that makes it particularly appealing is that it is exceptionally resistant to corrosion by many common acids and alkalis, seawater, and numerous other agents. It is also known to become magnetic at low temperatures when alloyed with Zinc. You can find Zirconium on the atomic table as the number 40 with the symbol Zr.

Uses of Zirconium

Zirconium’s intriguing properties make is a popular choice for parts and components in numerous different industries. For example, since it does not absorb neutrons, it is an ideal material for tubes and other parts in nuclear power stations. In fact, 90% of this metal is used in this way. Some other industries that use this metal for a variety of applications include solar power, chemical process, petrochemical, oil and gas, pharmaceutical, geothermal, mining, utilities, and many more.

If you are interested in using zirconium in one of its many forms, we can help. Providing different industries with metal parts that meet their specific requirements is what we do. Whether you need blanks cut to size, cold drawn shapes, or custom castings or forgings, we can fulfill your order accurately, competitively priced, and on a timely basis. Contact us today or visit our foundry online for a quote or to learn more about our services!